A (1985 built) Beechcraft 300 Super King Air was operating a charter flight from Rio de Janeiro-Santos Dumont Airport to Porto Seguro-Terravista Golf Club Airport, both in Brazil. Onboard the pilot and 9 passengers.
The aircraft at its final position, note the damage to the runway surface and the damaged propellor (Source: www.baaa-acro.com © Cenipa)
After an uneventful flight from Rio de Janeiro, the aircraft was approaching runway 15 at Terravista, Just before 14,40 (UTC) the aircraft got low on the glide path and touched down on uneven ground several meters short of the runway. While rolling over the ground, just before the runway, the axle of lefthand mainlanding gear failed when it impacted a small pile of asphalt on the runway edge. The failure of the axle caused the wheels and brakes of the left gear to separate from the axle. This caused the tips of the left-hand propellor to contact the runway, resulting in damaging the propellor.
The failed axle with wheels and brakes in the foreground, the aircraft at the red arrow. (Source; www.baaa-acro.com © Cenipa)
The crew was unable to maintain directional control as a result of the enormous drag caused by the stomp of the left-hand main landing gear on the runway surface.
This caused the aircraft to leave the paved area of the runway to the left. The aircraft came to stop at the intersection that connects the runway to the secondary ramp. All occupants of the aircraft remained unharmed. The aircraft was substantially damaged, and after damage assessment was categorised as "Damaged Beyond Repair"
The remnants of the left-hand main landing gear. (Source; www.baaa-acro.com © Cenipa)
The accident was investigated by the CENIPA (Centre for Investigation and Prevention of Aviation Accidents, Brazil). They published their report (in Portuguese), which is available by clicking here, and gave the following contributing factors;
There were no active control inputs on the final approach to prevent the undershoot
It is possible the aircraft encountered a wind shear on short final, which caused the approach to become unstable resulting in the undershoot.
The risk of a possible wind shear was not sufficiently considered by the pilot.
Tire tracks short of the runway (Source; www.baaa-acro.com © Cenipa)