The Dassault Falcon 900 made its first flight on this day in 1984.
The first Dassault Falcon 900, c/n 001, F-GIDE, "Spirit of Lafayette"
The Falcon 900 was the third business jet designed by the Dassault factory. It was based on the Dassault Falcon 50, which itself was based on the Falcon 20. The family lines are clearly visible in aircraft appearance. In comparison to the Falcon 50, the cabin has a larger cross-section and the wingspan was increased and optimised for a cruise speed of 0.84M. Primary flight control are all powered. The secondary flight controls consist of a trimmable horizontal stabiliser, full span slats, double-slotted Fowler flaps and airbrakes.
Over the years the Falcon 900 family has been extended with different versions;
Falcon 900 MSA Maritime patrol version for the Japanese Coastguard, equipped with search radar and a special hatch for dropping rescue equipment.
Falcon 900-B Powered by Improved engines, Falcon 900MSA Garrett TFE731-5BR-1C engines, and with an extended range.
Falcon 900C Replacement of the Falcon 900B with improved avionics
Falcon 900 EX Long-range version with increased fuel capacity and powered by Garrett TFE731-60 engines. Range ~4500 miles (~8300 km)
Falcon 900EX EASy Falcon 900EX, featuring Honeywell Primus Epic Avionics
Falcon 900DX Shorter range version, powered by Garrett TFE731-60 engines
Falcon 900LX The current production version of the Falcon 900EX, with blended winglets. Improved range of 4750 nm (8800 km)
VC-900A Italian Air Force designation for the Falcon 900EX
VC-900B Italian Air Force designation for the Falcon 900EASy
Specifications for the 'old" Falcon 900B:
Capacity: 19 passengers
Length: 20.21 m (66 ft 4 in)
Wingspan: 19.33 m (63 ft 5 in)
Height: 1.87 m (6 ft 2 in)
Wing area: 49.0 m2 (527 sq ft)
Aspect ratio: 7.63:1
Empty weight: 10,255 kg (22,608 lb)
Max takeoff weight: 20,640 kg (45,503 lb)
Fuel capacity: 8,690 kg (19,160 lb)
Powerplant: 3 × AlliedSignal TFE731-5BR-1C turbofans, 21.13 kN (4,750 lbf) thrust each
Maximum speed: Mach 0.84–0.87
Cruise speed: 950 km/h (590 mph, 510 kn) ; Mach 0.85 (at 11,000 m (36,000 ft)
Stall speed: 158 km/h (98 mph, 85 kn) (wheels and flaps down)
Range: 7,400 km (4,600 mi, 4,000 nmi) with 8 passengers
Service ceiling: 15,500 m (50,900 ft)